What are Skin Burns?
Burns – a household injury that is very common, especially in children, is characterized by skin damage that is so severe that causes the skin cells affected by the burn to die. Depending on the degree of the burn, they can range from light burns that can be treated relatively easy and have no longterm consequences, to those that require immediate medical care, to prevent any long term consequences or even death in some cases.
Types of Skin Burns
Burns are measured in four degrees, with the first one being the least serious and it is characterized by a reddish skin that is not blistered. Second-degree burns cause blisters, and the skin also thickens a little. Next, third-degree burns cause the skin to have a leathery and white appearance, while fourth-degree burns have all the symptoms of third-degree burns; however, the damage extends to the bones and tendons.
Burns have different causes. They can be caused by spilled hot liquids, chemical burns, electrical burns, excessive sun exposure, and fires. You can use home remedies for second-degree burns, but anything more than that requires immediate medical attention. So, how to treat burns?
Best Home Remedies for Burns
In cases where the immediate medical attention isn’t required, Ora’s All Purpose Salve helps enormously.
It contains cedar leaf, tea tree, rosemary antimicrobial essential oils, vitis vinifera, calendula, plantain, and comfrey. Many ointments tend to have a horrible smell and can be almost unbearable, but Ora’s All Purpose Salve has a soft fragrance.
Using it is quite easy, you just need to massage a small amount in your skin and let it dry like that, and after a very short period, you will see the wonderful soothing and regenerating results for yourself. It helps not only with burns, but also scrapes, bruises, and bumps. You can also use it on extremely dry skin and scabies, as well as spots. It feels great on your skin and it is quite cheap, and therefore, it is a highly recommended product.
How to Treat Skin Burns
If you or someone around you has experienced a skin burn, it is very important that you know how to offer first aid and become familiar with the best course of action immediately after the burn.
The person who is experiencing the skin burn will likely be in a lot of pain, and potentially in a state of shock. Make sure to calm and reassure them, and stress the importance of reacting quickly in cases that involve skin burns. Next, check if any clothing is stuck to the burn. If not, remove the clothing. When burns are caused by chemicals, make sure to remove all clothing that has absorbed the chemical.
The first most important step in actually treating the burn is to cool it. However, it cannot be stressed enough to never use ice on the burn, as severe cold damages the already affected tissue even more. Instead, apply cold water to the burn and if possible, keep the burn under running water for several minutes. This will soothe the pain.
The next step is checking the burn to make sure it is only a minor one. In case the burn is deep and appears large (i.e. over 5 cm2), make sure to get urgent medical attention.
However, if the burn is minor, take the following steps:
- Sanitize the burn – you should make sure the burn is clean by washing it with soap and water very gently, in order to not further damage the tissue.
- Be careful around the blisters – never break or pop blisters. A popped blister is an open wound and can easily get infected.
- Treat the burn – at this stage, you can apply a thin layer of a medical ointment to the burn. Avoid ointments that contain antibiotics, and never use cortisone ointments on the burn.
- Protect the burn – make sure the burnt tissue is protected from rubbing by wrapping a sterile non-stick gauze to it. It’s important to use only this type of gauze as it does not shed fibers tha could interfere with the burn. Change the gauze once a day.
- Alleviate the pain – even first-degree burns can come with quite a lot of pain. You can use over-the-counter painkillers to treat the pain.
To make sure you’re treating your burn right, discover some more tips on dealing with skin burns here.